7 Nervous, endocrine
7.A Endocrine System: Hormones
7.A.1 Function of endocrine system (specific chemical control at cell, tissue, and organ levels)
“If you look right over these mountains,” Jeremy begun with a smug on his face, angling his right arm at a 90 degree angle and pushing his muscles up, “you’ll see these muscles that help Jeremy get the ladies.”
“You do not get the ladies…,” Miley responded.
“Ha! How did you know ,” Jeremy counter argued.
So you get the idea, Miley, muscles, hormones, that’s what this topics about!
“And talking about muscles, I recently did a Hannah Montana episode with The Rock,” Miley said.
“Oh really…,” Jeremy continued, a tad embarassed.
Whereas local hormones are the “neurotransmitters” and “local mediators” from the nervous system topic, general hormones are the hormones released by the endocrine system. Endocrine relates to hormones that are general, i.e. NOT local hormones. They are referred to as “general” because they are released into body fluids, often blood, and may affect many cell types, even multiple tissues.
7.A.2 Definitions of endocrine gland, hormone
7.A.3 Major endocrine glands (names, locations, products)
7.A.4 Major types of hormones
7.A.4.B Endocrine System: Mechanisms of Hormone Action
7.A.4.B.1 Cellular mechanisms of hormone action
7.A.4.B.2 Transport of hormones (bloodstream)
7.A.4.B.3 Specificity of hormones (target tissue)
7.A.4.B.4 Integration with nervous system (feedback control)
7.A.4.C Nervous System: Structure and Function
7.A.4.C.1 Major functions
7.A.4.C.1.a high-level control and integration of body systems
7.A.4.C.1.b response to external influences
7.A.4.C.1.c sensory input
7.A.4.C.1.d integrative and cognitive abilities
7.A.4.C.2 Organization of vertebrate nervous system
7.A.4.C.3 Sensor and effector neurons
7.A.4.C.4 Sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems (functions,
7.A.4.C.5.a feedback loop, reflex arc, effects on flexor and extensor muscles
7.A.4.C.5.b roles of spinal cord, brain
7.A.4.C.5.c efferent control
7.A.4.D Nervous System: Sensory Reception and Processing
7.A.4.D.1 Skin, proprioceptive and somatic sensors
7.A.4.D.2 Olfaction, taste
7.A.4.D.3.a ear structure
7.A.4.D.3.b mechanism of hearing
7.A.4.D.4.a light receptors
7.A.4.D.4.b eye structure
7.A.4.D.4.c visual image processin
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