Reducing to the simplest form
To reduce a fraction to its simplest form, expand the top and bottom lines, and cancel all the common factors from top and below.
For example, . Note 5 is common to both top and bottom, meaning the reduced form is 4/3.
Conversion to mixed number
A mixed number is where instead of the numerator (top) being larger than the denominator (bottom), we put a whole number out at the front, and then leave the remaining fraction behind. For example, instead of , we know this is , otherwise written as which is written as